Ayurveda describes vrana (wound) as tissue destruction and discoloration of viable tissue due to various causes. In the Ayurveda classic, Sushruta Samhita, wound is described as a main subject, and vrana has been classified into shuddha and dushta vrana, that is chronic non-healing wounds. Despite several advances made, the management of chronic wounds is still a challenge. Sushruta was aware of the challenge of wound management and has described Shashthi Upakramas (sixty measures) for vrana ropana (wound healing).
Jatyadi Taila is a herbal oil formulation popularly used in treating various topical wounds. Despite Jatyadi Taila’s composition been recorded in ancient Ayurvedic texts, there have been minimal attempts to standardise its use in treating wound. Jatyadi oil is particularly used for wound healing in piles, fissure and fistula. It effectively speeds up wound healing and leads to quick recovery from these diseases. It also controls itching, irritation and burning in the lesion. Jatyadi oil is also effective in open wounds, cuts, burns, abscess, eczema, blisters and non-healing wounds.
Ingredients of Jatyadi Taila
- Jatipatra (mace tree leaves)
- Patol (pointed gourd leaves)
- Karanja (karanj) seeds
- Karanja (karanj) leaves
- Yashtimadhu (mulethi)
- Kuth or kushta (Indian costus root)
- Haldi (turmeric)
- Daruhaldi (daruharidra)
- Haritaki or harad
- Neel kamal (blue star water lily)
- Sariva (anantmool or Indian sarsaparilla)
- Tuthya (copper sulphate)
- Sesame oil
Benefits of Jatyadi Taila
A study proved that Jatyadi Taila contains flavonoids, essential oils, tannins, glycosides, steroids and alkaloids, which help in faster healing of wounds. This oil is cooling, anti-microbial, anti-bacterial and non-irritant. It is useful in cleaning, soothing and healing of wounds.
Jatyadi Taila has proved to be quite effective in healing all types of open lesion, particularly in piles, anal fissure, and anal fistula. A clinical study on the efficacy of Jatyadi Taila has established its significant effect on anal fissures including burning pain, cutting pain, bleeding, itching, tenderness, inflammation, sphincter spasm, discharge and swelling. A study has found that Jatyadi Taila has no side effects and its administration is safe.
Piles: Piles or haemorrhoids are collections of inflamed tissue in the anal canal. They contain blood vessels, tissue, muscle, and elastic fibres. When an individual passes hard stools and has bleeding piles, Jatyadi Taila is very beneficial for the patient. Besides, internal medicines, Jatyadi oil when applied in the rectum and around the anus, alleviates itching, pain, discomfort and irritation in the anal region. It also makes passage of hard stool easy, reducing swelling around the anus.
Anal fissure: When an individual passes hard stool leading to cuts around the anus, it is called anal fissures. It is basically the tear in the tissue that lines the anus and anal canal called anoderm. Anoderm has a number of sensory nerves, making the pain of fissures intense and acute. While anal fissures occur due to hard stool or severe diarrhea, very spicy food is also one of the causes. Local application of Jatyadi Taila helps in quick healing of painful anal fissures. The oil not only reduces pain and heals the cracks, it also eases in bowel movement. In case of severe anal fissures, this oil is applied along with internal medicines.
Fistula: A fistula is an abnormal connection between an organ or blood vessel and another structure. Fistulas usually happen as a result of an injury or surgery. Infection or inflammation can also cause a fistula. With specific treatments and therapies, when Jatyadi Taila is locally applied, it speeds up the healing process of the external opening in the skin. It also reduces infection and prevents its spreading.
Protects from germs: Jatyadi Taila is effective in protecting the wound from germs, and acts as an antiseptic and fungicidal oil. It also treats skin problems with inflammation and redness.
Non-healing wounds: The oil is an effective cure for non-healing wounds, sinus, blisters, abscess, insect bite wounds, etc.
How to use Jatyadi Taila
In cases of anal fissure and piles, take a sterile cotton ball and dip it in the oil. Apply gently on and around the anus. For best results, apply four times a day till you get good results. You should apply it before the bowel movement, after the bowel movement, after taking bath and at night before going to bed